To front page.
                                     Anti Photons From A Prism

Table of Contents
Introdution
Light Refractor Prism
Some Mathematics
Conclusion
References.


Introduction
In physics there is the idea of  theoretical matter called antimatter. Antimatter may be made of subatomic particles just like ordinary matter. In antimatter the subatimic particles like electrons have opposite charges. An ordinary electron has a negative electric charge, while an antimatter electron has on opposite postive electrical charge. An antimatter electron is called a positron. An antimatter photon may have a negative electric charges. Then an antimatter particle is the opposite of ordinary matter particle. Since there is antimatter there may perhaps be antiphotons. Antiphotons may be part of antimatter like ordinary photons are part of ordinary matter.
Visible light may be made of electromagnetic particles called photons.  The refraction of light by a prism which causes the colors of white light to separate into colors is called dispersion.
 

Light Refractor Prism
Figure 1 shows the prism configuration. A white light source 2 (a 60 watt incandescent light bulb) produces a narrow beam 3 of white colored light through
a narrow slit 4. The beam 3 then travels through a plastic prism 5. Prism 5 refracts different light colored by different amounts. These different amount of refractions separates the white colored light into spectrum of colors 8. The spectrum of colors  are send to white colored surface 6 where the colors can be seen by eye. In this configuration of figure 1, the red colored light is above on the spectrum while the purple colored light is below in the spectrum. This spectrum color pattern may be produced by light photons. The experiment components are not drawn to scale and the color patterns of the spectrum are not drawn accurately in figure 1. Making the narrow slit 4 of the light source further away from the prism 5 reduces the wdths of the color bands of the light spectrum to make the colors more visible.

                                                   Method For Observing Spectrum Light Reflections
Method For Observing Spectrum Light Reflections
                                                                                     Figure 1.

Can use the same prism configuration and components, and try to see the color spectrum by eye directly by looking in the direction of the prism as shown in figure 2. The eye is at position 9 in figure 2. If the spectrum of colors can be seen this way, the purple light color with be above in the spectrum 10 and the red light color will be below in the spectrum. This is opposite to the spectrum pattern seen be the reflection of figure 1 design. This inverted spectrum color pattern may perhaps be made of antiphotons. The letter "Q" at upper right of prism 5, or upper right and behind prism 5 is a visual reference which is to show that the visible inverted spectrum 10 is not an up side down version of the non-inverted spectrum 8.

            Method For Observing Spectrum Light Colors Directly By Eye
Method For Observing Spectrum Light Colors Directly By Eye
                                                 Figure 2.

This inverted spectrum color made by the hypothetical antiphoton cannot be seen on the white surface 6 in figure 1 without a convex lens, because the prism scatters the anti-photons in many directions. The eye lens near location 9 can focus the antiphotons. Figure 3 shows the same experiment of figures 1 and 2 with same components, except the eye lens at location 9 has been replaced by a glass magnifying convex lens 7. The white surface 6 is placed at the light focus point of the lens 7. The anti-photon spectrum colors 10 are radiated outwards from the prism 5 in many directions. The circular and eliptical shaped lens 7 collects these antiphotons and focuses these onto white surface 6. The lens 7 inverts the image from prism 5 and in front of lens 7 that can later show on the surface 6 at this focus point or distance form lens 7. The focused spectrum image produced by the lens 7 of the antiphotons will produce similar spectrum pattern is in figure 1 experiment, because lens 7 inverts the light image. This means that the antiphoton spectrum color pattern has purple light color at the top and red color below in its spectrum. The primary and seconday colors of the antiphotons starting from top of the spectrum pattern 10 is: purple, blue, green, yellow, orange and then red. The antiphoton spectrum 10 is not as bright or vivid as the colors of the ordinary photon spectrum 8 colors.

    Method For Observing The Colors of  The Hypothetical Antiphoton Spectrum
Method For Observing The Colors of The Hypothetical Anti-photon Spectrum
                                                     Figure 3.

Moving the eye up or downwards, the inverted spectrum of the light source can still be seen on the light emitter surface 11 of the prism 5. This would indicate that each section of the emitter surface 11 can have each color of the spectrum. Each section woiuld emit antiphotons in may directions simultaneously. The person can only see the particular antiphotons that reach the eye at the eye's location. The spectrum pattern 10 at prism surface 11 drawn in figure 3 is then only for the particular lens 7 location of the drawing. Perhaps the light waves in figures 2 and 3 experiment are the photons and the light waves from on a figure 1 experiment are the antiphotons instead. We can see the light waves of figure 3 by eye; the lens 7 operates the same way as the lens of the human eye.

Color Photons, and Anti-photons Focused By Lens
   Figure 4.

   Demonstration Video A. :
    LightPhysics/  .WMV, file size: kilobytes, (not available).

For this type of light source design, the larger the prism 5 sides (11) size, the more light goes through the prism and the brighter the antiphoton image on screen 6 in figure 6 design.
  Light refraction is when the direction of a photon ray changes. When a light photon pass through  transparent mediums of different densities, the photon refracts or takes a different linear motion path. The refracted photon refracts by an angle b relative to a line, or a line on the surface of the prism. Antiphotons may not refract in the same way as ordinary photons do. The angle of refraction b of ordinary photons increase as the photon frequency wavelength reduces. Perhaps the angle of refraction b of antiphotons increase as the antiphoton frequency wavelength increases. Can make a crude prism using water in a clear plastic bottle that has a tappered shape as shown in figure 4b.

   Figure 4b.
.
  The antiphoton spectrum image 10 from the lens 7 in figure 3 can be send through a second prism 13 as shown in figure 5. This can be used to see the behaviour of the antiphoton colors.
   Can try to replace the optical prism of the above figure 2 with a compact disk read only memory (cd rom) inside a box as shown in figure 9. The thin lines on the compact optical disk are close enough to cause the wavelengths of light to be separated from the initial light beam. The incoming light is passed through a narrow opening 2. The light then stikes the compact disk optical surface 3. The separated wavelengths of light are then reflected toward the viewing port 4. The spectroscope can have two viewing ports 4 and 5. Can try to make a simple spectroscope like this by cutting a 0.005000 by 0.05000 metre slot in a piece of cardboard. Let some sunlight pass through the slot and try to see the reflection with the compact disk (optical side of disk) to see the spectrum of colors of the sunlight. Can see the photon and antiphoton spectrums when changing the incident angle bin the light strikes the optical disk 3. When the angle bin is low, the spectrum starts with red colored light on the right side of the color spectrum as shown in drawing 6 of figure 6. When the incident angle bin is over 40.00 degrees, the violet and blue colors of the spectrum start at the right side of the spectrum as shown in drawing 7 of figure 6. The photon spectrum color arrangement seen also depends on the viewing or reflection angle bre. When the angles bin and bre are at certain values, a circular spectrum may show like the type shown in drawing 8. In this circular spectrum shape, the violet light is closed to the centre of disk 3 while the red colored light is furthest from the disk 3 centre.

Spectroscope Using A Compact Disk
   Figure 6.


Some Mathematics
The light refractions have mathematics that may help describe the refractions in terms of the light color wavelengths. The inverted spectrum pattern of the anti-photons have different interesting mathematics. With ordinary photons the degree of refraction increases as the wavelength of the light color reduces, while the refraction of the antiphoton colors reduces as the wavelegnth of the anti-light antiphotons reduces.

Equation (6) from the page "
Electromagnetic High Frequency Step Down" is:
k=K s-[(H+E)/2],  (6); k+K s-[(H+E)/2] =0.            
Where k is the ordinary photon  
field intensity vector.
kap+k+K s-[(H+E)/2] =0. 
Where kap is the antiphoton field intensity or number of anti-photons vector. Since the antiphotons are not as bright as ordinary photons the k ap is: kap=-k /2, or kap=-k.
    There is a possibility the light waves may be made from electric or electrostatic photons e, or  magnetic or electromagnetic photons m. Electrostatic photons e would be made from electrostatic field particles, while the magnetic photons m  would be made of magnetic particles. Electrostastic photon e would follow the electrostatic field laws between electrified metal plates or capacitors. With increasing light wave frequency f of the photon vibrations, the electric photon e would detect a decrease in impedance with increasing frequency f. Reducing frequency f of an electric photon e  would produce larger refraction b in a prism if this scientific model is so.  The magnetic photon m would follow the laws of induction in magnetic coils or inductors. A magnetic photon m  would detect an increase of impedance with increasing photon wave frequency f. Reducing frequency f of a magnetic photon m would produce less  refraction b in a prism.


Snell's Law of Refraction

Angle of prism ap relative to incident light 3, and average angle of refraction ar of refracted light 10 relative to ap. Angle of prism is relative to a plane section 18 that bisects the prism 5 at its apex in figure 7(a). Figure 7(b) shows angle of refection ar relative to prism angle ap both in degrees. With the beams of colored refracted light 10 having approximate or not actual locations drawn in the figure 7(a). Light beam 3 can be 5 watts of white colored light.

Prism Refractor And Angle Of Refraction ar Relative To prism Angle ap Graph
Angle Of Refraction ar Relative To Prism Angle ap Graph
                                         Figure 7.

The refraction angle ar range is nearly constant  when angle of incidence ap is near 90.00 degrees.
Speed of light or photons in vacuum space is: c=2.99792108  metres per second. When light travels from the vacuum and then through a material, the speed of light decreases from c to a velocity v in the material. Vector v is the velocity of light or ordinary photons inside the prism. Variable fi is the sine wave frequency of the ith photon. The wavelength wi of the ordinary photon with photon frequency fi in the vacuum is: wi=c/fi.
When light rays (ordinary photons) travel through a prism, the velocity v of the light photons decreases. This causes the path of the photons to change or refract. Figure 8 shows the linear paths of ordinary photons close and in the prism.

   Figure 8.

Examples: v=2.900
10 8 metres/second.
Table 2 shows some approximate wavelengths wi for visible light colors in a vacuum.

Table 2. Wavelengths For Some Colors of Light In A Vacuum

Colors

wi (nanometres)

red

700  

yellow

590

green

500

violet

400


   kap+k+K s-[(H+E)/2] =0,
    hc(kap+k)+K s-[(H+E)/2]s =0,
    h c wik+K s-[(H+E)/2]s =-h c waikap,
    (h c wi k)/(-h c waikap)+{[Ks-[(H+E)/2]s]/(-hcwaikap)} =1.

Ignoring the two last terms gives:

   (hcwi k)/(-hcwaikap)=1. 

Anti-photon wavelength wai=wi. Planck's constant=6.62608 10-34 joule second. With distance s=0.10000 metre from electric field E and magnetic field H.

   There were some speculations that antimatter and antiphotons are particles that may perhaps travel backwards in time. Photons may exist as a photon and anti-photon pair. As a light beam is send a  photon in the light beam travels back to the signal source as it travels backwards in time and becomes an anti-photon, while the companion or duplicate photon moves forward in time if antiphotons like this exist.


Conclusion


References
1. .
2.
Physics 2000 The Atomic Lab. (http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/index.pl).


December 21, 2005.